Located in Besakih village, in Karangasem’s East of Bali, the Besakih Temple is known as the “mother temple of Bali.”
Moreover, the temple is considered to be the holiest temple in Bali, it sits 1,000 meters high on southwestern slopes of Mount Agung. The mountain of Agung is the largest in Bali and it’s sacred to the Balinese.
Built before the 1000AD, the Besakih got its name from the Dragon deity “Naga Besukian,” which was believed to inhabit the mount Agung.
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In 1963 eruption of Mount Agung, the lava flow passed the temple and this was seen as a miracle, believed to be a signal from the gods.
The Besakih temple comprise of many different small temples or “pura” as they call it in Bali, but there are three main temples that are dedicated to the Hindu Trinity—Shiva (the destroyer), Brahma (the creator), and Vishnu (the preserver).
To every Balinese, visiting the temple is a special pilgrimage. The Besakih is also the only temple in Bali which is open to every devotee from any caste groups. This is because of the belief that the Besakih temple is the center of all ceremonies activities.
The location is around 2 hours away from Sanur, and we recommend to visit the temple early in the morning and the evening when the crowds are not as busy. Please note that for those women who are on their periods are forbidden to enter any temples in Bali due religious and holy purposes.
Put Besakih temple as one of your itinerary when visiting Bali! There are many temples in Bali, and the “mother temple” is worth a visit!